An abdominal hernia is very common. It is a weakness where various muscles converge manifesting as a bulge that comes and goes. Hernias can occur anywhere in the abdomen but the commonest sites are the groin and umbilicus. Types of hernia include Inguinal (groin), Femoral (groin), Umbilical, Epigastric and Incisional. Most hernias get larger over time and don't go away without treatment. For further details, please visit the British Hernia Society website.
A detailed assessment is required. Diagnosis is usually made through consultation and by physical examination, sometimes in conjunction with an ultrasound scan or x-ray. Assessment is also offered for groin pains related to sporting injuries.
Hernia repair by surgery is the only effective management. Surgery is usually as a day case and can be under general or local anaesthetic. Keyhole (always general anaesthetic) or open surgery, usually with mesh (synthetic material to repair the hernia) is offered.
What To Expect After Surgery
Most patients are able to return home the same day. Some soreness can be experienced for first 2 or 3 days after surgery and you will need to take things easy (no lifting or other strenuous activity). Full recovery usually takes 2-3 weeks.