Gallstones form when stones crystallise from the bile within the gallbladder. In many cases, the patient will not experience any symptoms but if the gallstone becomes trapped inside the gallbladder, it can become very painful and on occasion lead to hospitalisation. This condition is known as biliary colic. A related condition known as cholecystitis occurs when the gallbladder becomes inflamed, causing more persistent pain.
The diagnosis is based on the clinical history examinations and an ultrasound scan.
For symptomatic gallstones, removal of the gallbladder by keyhole surgery (laparoscopic Cholecystectomy) is the only effective method of treatment. Surgery is performed under general anaesthetic.
What To Expect After Surgery
Patients can usually go home in 24 hours and usually return to complete normality and work in 2 – 3 weeks.