Heartburn, reflux and other problems related to stomach acid – including dyspepsia, ulcers, dysphagia and hiatus hernia – are very common conditions and are often related to lifestyle. Most symptoms respond to lifestyle adjustments and/or medical treatment.
Persistent or new symptoms may require expert assessment and endoscopy (gastroscopy) which can be performed as a day case with or without sedation. Gastroscopy is used to look at the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum.
In addition to diagnostic procedures, for refractory cases and those resistant to medical management, surgery (Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication) has a role. Surgery may also be used to treat symptomatic hiatus hernia (rupture of the stomach into the chest through the diaphragm).